Determination of Internal Structure of Semeru Volcano Based on Seismic Attenuation Imagery

Ayu, Hena Dian (2013) Determination of Internal Structure of Semeru Volcano Based on Seismic Attenuation Imagery. natural-b, 2 (2). pp. 145-152. ISSN 2088-4613


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Characteristic of medium could be defined by physical parameters such as seismic velocity and attenuation. Amplitude, hyocentral distance, frequency and attenuation coefficient is required to determine the Q-factor value or attenuation in effort on imaging the internal structure. In this study, we used volcanic earthquakes data of Semeru Volcano recorded 2009 that consist 54 seismogram (24 A-tipe volcanic earthquakes and 24 explosion volcanic earthquakes. the Q-factor value of A-tipe volcanic earthquakes is 4 - 392 or about 78,87 and the Q-factor value of explosion volcanic earthquakes is 4 - 288 or about 51,39. In term of the image quality, it can be seen that the attenuation on Jongring Seloko active caldera and under Jongring Seloko have low attenuation value or high Q-factor value thas was called the zone beneath. The zone beneath is interpreted to associated with hot material that may indicate the magma chamber that concentrated in the depth interval of 1-1,8 km from the top of Semeru Volcano.The zone beneath have structural trends on west-east-southheastern-south sector out the volcano.The internal structure of Semeru Volcano is predominance of sedimentary rocks, sandstone and rocks with gas in pore space. Although in some deep layer have internal structure as metamorphic rocks and igneous rock.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: 500 – Ilmu Pengetahuan > 550 Ilmu bumi dan geologi > 551 Geologi, hidrologi, meteorologi
Divisions: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi > Pendidikan Fisika
Depositing User: Elaborasi Hena Dian Ayu
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2015 03:54
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2022 22:58

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